Living in Ireland: Transport

Ireland is a relatively small country and you shouldn’t find it difficult to get wherever you want to go. Travelling nationally you can choose between public bus and rail transport. In Dublin, the Luas light rail system or the Dart may be your best options. Other large towns and cities also have commuter bus networks. In more rural areas, depending on how close you live to your place of work, you may find that a car is essential for your commute.

Public Transport

You can plan a journey in Ireland using public transport on the website, Transport for Ireland.

When planning to travel by rail, it is worth booking your tickets online in advance as they will be significantly cheaper:

Real Time App: the Real Time Ireland App integrates all real time arrival information services from Dublin Bus, Bus Éireann, DART, Iarnród Éireann (Irish Rail) and Luas services. You can download the Real Time Ireland app for free from the Apple, Google Play or Windows Phone stores.

Individual websites:

Luas is Dublin’s tram service. There are currently two lines: the Luas Red Line and the Luas Green Line. Construction is currently underway on the Luas Cross City line. For details of Luas routes please visit

Leap Card: if you are relocating to Dublin, a Leap Card will make travelling around the city easy and convenient. You can buy a Leap Card online or at one of over 500 shops around Dublin. Once you have a Leap Card, keep it topped up with credit, ready to use on the Luas, Dart, Dublin Bus and a range of other services.

Driving in Ireland

If you have a driving licence issued by an EU member state you can drive in Ireland as long as your existing licence is valid. If you wish to exchange your driving licence for an equivalent Irish licence, you must do so within 10 years of your driving licence expiring. Ireland also recognises licenses from certain other countries such as Australia, South Africa and New Zealand.

If you are not from any of these countries and you hold a national driving licence or an international driving permit from your own country, you may drive in Ireland for up to 12 months. Nurses relocating to Ireland will have to apply for an Irish driving licence. To secure your license you will have first pass a driver theory test, apply for a learner permit, complete a course of Essential Driver Training (EDT) and pass your driving test in Ireland. Once you pass your driving test, you can then apply for a full Irish driving licence.

For more detailed information on driving in Ireland on a foreign licence please visit the National Driver Licence Service website.

Cars in Ireland drive on the left hand side of the road and speed limits are posted in kilometres per hours. You can access the rules of the road for all road users online.

For details of traffic, road works and other factors affecting road conditions in Ireland before setting out on your journey, please visit the AA Roadwatch website.